by Elif Sarper
The world is rapidly aging. 2 billion people will be over 60 years by 2050. – more than triple in 2000. One of the most common problems faced in Europe is the aging of the population. Many countries in Europe has a larger older generation than a younger generation. Poland, for example has one of the fastest aging populations in the EU. Even though this hasn’t really affected Turkey yet, according to TUSIAD, this is going to start being a problem.
A research paper of TUSIAD informs that around 2025 the young population in Turkey will be a minority. This will force the country to change it’s ways. TUSIAD describes this with: “Turkey’s main problem will stop being “growth”. Now Turkey has to create life that is better and of higher quality for it’s citizens. Similar to how it’s being done in Europe and USA.”
Many countries share the problem of having a much older generation and, in about 10 years’ time, Turkey will also be sharing this problem. While working age population will be dropping, retirement policies need to change, healthcare system need to avoid bankruptcy with insurance costs rising.
All will have a tremendous impact on the economy, culture, lifestyle and every aspect of our society imaginable.
However instead of seeing it as a problem, this event should also be considered a window of opportunity. The fact that this will be in about ten years from now also means that the young generation of 2015; i.e. all of us at this conference, will be in the workforce during that period. This can create a window of opportunity for Turkey’s present high schoolers in order to push the country forward. But for this to happen, priorities need to change, focusing more on a realistic realisation of the change and sectoral planning.
Source : http://www.tusiad.org/__rsc/shared/file/firsat.pdf